Types of Sheep’s Wool

Shetland

Raised in the Shetland Islands off the northern coast of Scotland, Shetland sheep produce very fine, lustrous wool from the down of their soft undercoat.

Merino

Merino sheep are most often raised in the mountainous regions of Australia and New Zealand. Merino wool does not have the itchy feel of some wools, is odor absorbent, and provides high levels of UV protection.

Lambswool

This is the highest quality of sheep’s wool on the market. Lambswool is taken from sheep at their first shearing (usually at around seven months old).

Loden Wool

Loden wool originated in the Tyrolean Alps in the 16th century and is still highly popular among sportsmen today. Loden’s luxurious nap is combed downward, creating a shingle effect that sheds water very effectively.

Melton Wool

It’s durable, wears well, and is wind resistant.

WOOL GRADES

The type or grade of wool is selected to suit the needs of the product being made, with appropriate fiber length, fineness, and other properties to ensure the best end result.

Virgin Wool

Taken from a lamb’s first shearing, also virgin wool can refer to wool that has never been used, processed, or woven before.

Boiled Wool

Created through a washing process applied to a knitted wool to make a dense, durable, and water resistant fabric.

Worsted Wool

Manufactured in Worstead, England since the eighteenth century. Wool fibers are spun into compact, smoothly twisted yarn before weaving or knitting.

Flannel, Fleece, Gabardine, and Tweed

Popular fabrics that are made from sheep’s wool or a sheep’s wool blend.

Other Types of Wool

Alpaca, Mohair, Cashmere, Camel Hair, Bison, Possum, Qiviut (Musk Ox)


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